The court provides interpreter services in judicial proceedings filed by the United States if the judge determines that a party or a witness speaks only or primarily a language other than English or has a hearing impairment limiting that person's comprehension or communication. With limited exceptions, interpreter services needed to assist parties to civil proceedings not instituted by the United States, both in and out of court, must be provided and paid for by the parties to the action. See the Court Interpreters Act for more information. If you have questions about interpreter services, call the courtroom deputy of the judge who will be presiding over the proceeding. For a list of judges, their courtroom deputies, and their contact information, see About the Judges.